By Tait Keller
In the mid-nineteenth century, the Alps have been considered as a spot of solace from commercial improvement and the stresses of city lifestyles. quickly, despite the fact that, mountaineers, or the so-called apostles of the Alps, begun carving the crags to fit their whims, changing the common panorama with trails and hotels, and looking to modernize and nationalize the excessive frontier. Disagreements over the that means of modernization opened the mountains to competing agendas and opposed objectives. Keller examines the ways that those opposing techniques corresponded to the political battles, social conflicts, tradition wars, and environmental crusades that formed smooth Germany and Austria, putting the Alpine borderlands on the middle of the German query of nationhood.
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Apostles of the Alps: Mountaineering and Nation Building in Germany and Austria, 1860-1939 by Tait Keller