By B. L. Coombes,Bill Jones,Chris Williams
By Edward Grey,Jeff Lipkes
By John Lindsey
By Anthony J. Podlecki
Podlecki examines Perikles' activities and interactions with a wide and sundry circle of neighbors, associates, and political adversaries and exhibits how his circle of acquaintances urged and encouraged his improvement as a pacesetter. Perikles, the 'first citizen', as Thucydides termed him, was once a guy characterized by way of a sophisticated versatility and tenacity of goal. Of paramount significance was once that Athenians be made to understand their superiority, and in addition advance a willingness to say it, whether that intended conflict with the Spartans and their allies. Podlecki examines the wealth of resources and documentation on Perikles to supply a lucid account of the achievements of the guy, that is either finished and eminently readable.
By T.J. Gorton
By ChaeRan Y. Freeze,Sylvia Fuks Fried,Eugene R. Sheppard,Derek J. Penslar,Michael Brenner,Eran Kaplan,Immanuel Etkes,Aviva Halamish,Meir Chazan,Frances Malino,Evyatar Friesel,Jonathan D. Sarna,Mark Raider,Anita Shapira,Motti Golani,Itamar Rabinovich,Shai Fe
By Marcus Tanner
By Bernard Hamilton
By Peter McPhee
For a few historians and biographers, Maximilien Robespierre (1758–94) used to be an excellent progressive martyr who succeeded in best the French Republic to defense within the face of overwhelming army odds. for lots of others, he used to be the 1st smooth dictator, a enthusiast who instigated the murderous Reign of Terror in 1793–94. This masterful biography combines new study into Robespierre's dramatic lifestyles with a deep realizing of society and the politics of the French Revolution to reach at a clean realizing of the guy, his passions, and his tragic shortcomings.
Peter McPhee supplies distinctive cognizance to Robespierre's youth and the improvement of an iron will in a frail boy conceived outdoors wedlock and at the margins of well mannered provincial society. Exploring how those reports shaped the younger attorney who arrived in Versailles in 1789, the writer discovers now not the chilly, obsessive Robespierre of legend, yet a guy of ardour with shut yet platonic friendships with girls. quickly immersed in innovative clash, he suffered more and more long sessions of fearful cave in correlating with moments of political problem, but Robespierre was once tragically not able to step clear of the crushing burdens of management. Did his ruthless, uncompromising workout of energy replicate a descent into insanity in his ultimate yr of lifestyles? McPhee reevaluates the ideology and truth of "the Terror," what Robespierre meant, and even if it represented an abandonment or a reversal of his early liberalism and feel of justice.
By Sibylle Sarah, Baroness von Sell Niemoeller